Q: What are the important topics in ch 2?
Ans: This is a quite prolonged chapter, also the gist of Gita. There are four subject areas talked about in this chapter as underneath.
1. The mother nature of our challenge is panic, confusion and sorrow. Jiva vichara, self enquiry.
2. Being aware of the supreme existence. Gita reveals the option.. To know the nature of Self is intended for everyone, like hunger and snooze. Only when you might be seriously hungry you can experience glad. This atma awareness is for everybody but 1 has to aspire for it.. All the worry confusion are eradicated. Mighty sorrow will not disturb us. We results in being totally free of all grief. How to get there?
3. The connection among the two the jivan, personal and the supreme. Yoga (not the well-known bodily yoga) reveals us shifting from the present point out to the condition of enlightenment really systematically and scientifically.
4. Reward of this Self information. From karma yoga to many stages of upasana to awareness to stage of meditation and eventually, the point out of realization wherever a single will come to realize one’s individual Self..
Q: Reveal the ‘Karma theory’, ‘Cause & Result theory.
Ans: Just about every action has a consequence. When we stroll we reach our vacation spot. When we take in we subside hunger,
There are two types of outcomes for every considered, phrase and deed. Tangible and non tangible benefits. (Drishta palan and Adrishta palan). When you donate a little something, you get tangible gain like tax profit or name, fame in transactional existence. This sort of a profit is ‘Drishta palan’.
There is also a non tangible end result and gita claims it is ‘Adrishta palan’ which is is ‘punyam’ states sastram (A drishta..not observed)
Adrishta Palan, not tangible end result is two types
Su adrishtam is punyam.. danam, charity, donation. Dhur adrishtam is papam, like harming,stealing and so on.
An case in point would be a surgeon vs. murderer, based mostly on their intentions. The intention is named as ‘Sankalpam’ in Sanskrit. If the intention makes acceptable penalties, which success in good or unfavorable experiences. names as punyam and papa min Sanskrit.
“Karmanyeva adhikaraha… ” Ch 2.47 is a really critical verse in Gita.
We are dependable for my intentions and steps and for that reason penalties comes to us centered on our actions.
We have gathered effects, which gives pleasure and sorrow. It is like gasoline in a car or truck..it will exhaust once employed, equally the final results of our actions exhaust after we working experience it. This exhaustion does not take area promptly. it is like the seeds. watermelon seeds may perhaps give the fruits in 3 months but a coconut seed will consider numerous a long time.(incubation period)
Q: How do the outcomes of steps materialize?
Ans: Soreness and enjoyment each are only when we detect with this exterior world, in slumber we do not working experience this globe. For that reason the implications of our steps initially has to give us a human body, the earth and conducive situation to expertise. Then the five components (panchabhootam) generate this physique centered on our karmas.
These outcomes give us ache and pleasure to purge our impressions (vasanas).
We have earned this body and the entire world around us dependent on our karma. What goes close to will come close to.
The agony and pleasure is distinctive in a pet from human beings. A single overall body won’t be able to get pleasure from all the sufferings and all styles of soreness and pleasure consequently different bodies are needed. As a result a lot of bodies are essential, which points out and confirms the will need for reincarnation.
For all the amassed consequences of actions (papa punya) one particular desires a human body. At the time those people are fatigued, then it finishes and this physique is not required any far more, that is when a specific overall body is dropped, indicating dying to the entire body.
For some, human body is necessary, for others animal system may be essential. So our life expectancy is centered on our karma palan, repercussions of actions.
Q: In which did the papa punya (excellent and negative effects) at first arrived from? Egg or the rooster? Seed or the tree? System or consequences?
Ans: Every single specific has a large bag of consequences of steps(papa punya). This major bag of selection of karma is sanjita karma, say your discounts.
There are three forms of outcomes. Sanjitha karma, Prarabdha karma, Agami karma in Sanskrit, quite considerably like your financial institution price savings, income on hand and foreseeable future earnings or costs.
Therefore it is only a fraction from Sanjita karma that we knowledge in this body. You have withdrawn ‘X’ volume. That’s identified as ‘Prarabhdha karma’. We have a great deal much more still left in Sanjita bag to knowledge.
As we go by everyday living! what is amassed in the recent delivery by believed, word and action identified as Agami karma receives added to Sanjita (lender harmony).
Sanjita – Prarabhdham – Agami
Discounts – Liquid cash – income/Cost
This cycle goes on due to the fact when one particular exhaust liquid cash, a single also adds significantly extra expenditure than dollars on hand. The prarabdha karma palan (the money on hand provides our overall body, mother and father, siblings,predicaments and the experiences. After the praraba is exhausted this physical overall body (stula sariram) dies and Agami karma gives the upcoming entire body.
Q: What is the Character of understood particular person? How does he interact in the planet, other beings, very good and lousy pleasure and pain?
Ans: Remedy to this question is the purpose of a spiritual seeker..
This has nothing at all to do with his dress or what that person does, or persona. It is very delicate and past 18 verses talks about the character of a realized particular person..
Sthitta prajna, understood particular person. The enlightened man or woman lives in the planet from a fully diverse airplane. How he responds to the world and worldly cases is very distinctive.
Faulty conversation will cause all damaging emotions. As I see, my brain interprets it and feelings arise.
There are tons of misunderstanding dependent on our personal faulty philosophies. For ex.. When I check out a motion picture in a distinctive language my emotions are distinct than the one particular that I can recognize.
There are great deal of misunderstandings of a understood individual due to the fact we see him from our standpoint, confusion of scriptures, our personal likes and dislikes, strategies prejudices, defective philosophies. We see the outer picture, his beard, gown etc..
These are not signals of realization.
Lord replies in 18 verses.. 18 is imp. Gita has 18 chapters, 18 verses describes stitha pragya.
18 times war was fought, 18 chapters 18 puranas, 18 verses describing stitha pragya. “1” is the actuality, “8” expression of that one is eight fold.
“Ekam evam Adyiteyam, Brahma”
He is in a point out of entire contentment, Bliss, ‘thushti’, santhushta, plenty of without having the need to have for any object or outer affliction.
Improvements in the human body, situation or other individuals practically nothing can transform that Bliss. A man or woman is joyful even if he adjustments the outfits!! Likewise even if his system is dropped useless his Bliss will not adjust.
Physique is only an outer tools to interact with the planet like a microphone, if the gear is taken absent the speaker is continue to speaking but other people can not listen to. Similarly a realized learn ‘stitha pragya’ is ever existing. He rejoices in atma by itself, which is all pervading. He is enlightened, but many others may possibly not understand him. For a recognized individual, his overall body intellect and intellect are in alignment. When a condition of disappointment will come, his intellect does not get agitated. would not bring about sorrow.
Most of the time, our equilibrium is based mostly on external conditions like the welfare and prosperity of our spouse and children, then we really feel like a realized particular person, only when a unexpected surprising information arrives we know where by we stand. Even a small sorrow or pain disturbs our mind. A realized man or woman is further than all these..
Q: What is Ladder of drop and ladder of rise?
Ans: verses… 62-63 extremely crucial
Ladder of slide starts off with likes, needs, you want an item, or a thing, or a individual, which you contemplate on it, love it in head. That wish, identified as ‘kama’ turns your intellect to now want to possess it… Now this kama is at a deep extreme level, and typically is out of manage.
When it is not possessed, it turns to anger. Extreme have to have to have and anger go collectively. When our drive is fulfilled, it is converted into loba, greed wanting a lot more and far more, with 6 enemies of brain.
Wish, attachment (kama)
This is the spiritual electricity squandered!! If you know the road blocks then you can be careful, you can avoid it or when you fulfill them you know how to get out of it. In martial arts they educate how to fall down with out hurting ourselves, then you increase up.
Ladder of increase
1 need to to start with check out to be absolutely free from raga dvesha (Likes and dislikes). By Karma yoga, upasana, information, meditation attachment and repulsion are removed. Peace and joy are not in the area of objects. An object by by itself don’t make you joyful or not happy. They have no management it is about us. It is our brain that have tips superimposed to that experience of happiness or unhappiness… It would seem to be generating us pleased or unhappy
Vairaghya(dispassion) is no cost from the planet of stimuli of the globe. Cause of all happiness and sorrow are on a thing outside of me owing to the likes and dislikes.
Proceed to experience almost everything in lifestyle without having raga dvesha (likes & dislikes). You take in to dwell not stay to consume. You will not have to have to restrain on your own from having fun with but attempt not to in excess of indulge!!
Prasad implies prasannatha, a deep feeling of joy. We knowledge it when we are with character… H2o, mountains, stillness,… Only the sound of water movement, with no music, or trash close to, you might be sitting silently, with out wishes… You do not have to go everywhere, fulfill everyone, do just about anything, you don’t will need to get something, no crucial cell phone phone calls, no appt. as though every little thing is standstill and at that moment in which there are no damaging feelings in your coronary heart anxiety anger worry, there is a deep sense of peace that you expertise… It is not coming from any item but from in just. You are absolutely at ease with mother nature. You have no problems towards everyone. That is termed Prasad, (prasannatha) moksha, not for the reason that of any attachment. to any object but speak to of our senses with the worldly points outside of you. Dislike no one like no 1.
When this Prasad occurs in our heart all sorrow disappears.
The pleasures are not able to lessen the deep sorrow in any one, can briefly be paused, can be suppressed or neglected for some time by getting workaholic, alcoholic or slumber but sorrow is exists. Even if you go to a diverse location it is with you.
When the coronary heart becomes cost-free of raga dvesha (likes & dislikes), fills with pleasure, then sorrows get wrecked. They never have the efficiency to have an affect on your brain.
Even demise can’t destroy sorrow. If just one dies with sorrow, just one is born with sorrow.
The moment we gain this vairaghya, free from likes & dislikes, we gain this prasad that’s when the intellect turns into totally nevertheless in that Self which is all pervading, goes into the state of samadhi, no other work is expected but only the mind-set of residing. Such a man or woman is stitha pragya (understood individual).
When there likes and dislikes, meditation simply cannot materialize.
Q: Describe the Religious journey.
Ans: Our spiritual journey commences with recognizing our responsibilities with the existing physique and performing them with a distinct angle that gets a sadana to access the condition of enlightenment.
Performing actions is distinct from the mind-set with which it is performed.
It is like a soccer sport. There are several players, objective keepers, referee in particular positions, they have their obligations within that location. Offensive, defensive positions, they won’t be able to be chatting when the recreation is likely on… 1 has to have an understanding of the whole scenario and one’s purpose in the bigger scheme of items. Accountability is a group get the job done. We’re a group, all animals, vegetation, the whole procedure, existence. We have accountability to prevent imbalance and just take care of ourselves our relatives our society our character, our environment to produce a harmony in this earth.
Q: What is the attitude with which we really should conduct actions in this world, in this life?
Ans: Change your brain with samathva, equanimity, then you can expect to not get entangled in samsara..agony and pleasure, obtain or decline, victory or defeat. Make your head to acknowledge both equally in advance. Awareness must be concentrated on undertaking and not on the result.
I am fantastic with profitable and I am also fantastic with a reduction that’s the mindset in bhakti language it is called Prasad.
When you happen to be well balanced in the final result you’re well balanced in your steps toward it. If not you are normally scared, fearful, inefficient in doing action since the additional focused what would take place than the undertaking on hand. The end result relies upon on the totality so conduct your responsibility and leave the consequence to occur..
Equanimous, samathva in equally joy & sorrow, in progress then we are well balanced but if we leave this assumed to the stop, it triggers rigidity and we are imbalanced.
Gita is not a secret of results, it provides us the key of the mind-set to face equally achievements and failure in a well balanced way.
Do your duty in this mind-set and you’ll not practical experience confusion fear and grief. Intellect will become totally free of any stress.
Q: What are the modes of getting any know-how?
Ans: 1. Immediate experience, (Prathyaksha praman) is we use our senses to realize the information of the globe. Red colored rose is regarded to the eyes, audio by ears..
2. Inference.. By way of smoke and we can infer fireplace
3. Comparison, (Upamanam). The unknown is understood by evaluating to the regarded
4. Trigger, (Arthapatti). Be researching the influence we know the cause… Flood and rain
5. Verbalzing, (Sabhta praman) We have not witnessed atoms and molecules but we trust the researchers. We settle for it because men and women who know about it chat about it
6. Absence (Anupalabdhi) Information of absence of something… By obtaining the positive understanding of the absence of a thing. You see ensure and say there is no cat in the area. A definite expertise of the absence.
Astronauts go to a world and verify that they are is no daily life there… The understanding can not alter but if it is a belief, it can transform.
When you adhere to the process (praman) correctly, get expertise then that information becomes conviction. Convictions obtained with knowledge do not change. Only through the research of the scriptures, satsang, contemplation we get conviction about our spiritual aim and path.
At present our intellect is wrongly certain by the head that we are the physique, a limited remaining.
Your intellect is persuaded that five as well as 5 is 10, if you attempt to explain to the intellect it is 5, it will resist simply because your conviction is primarily based on the understanding.
If you presently consider that it is five, the know-how that it is 10 will change the belief!!
If you’re certain that science is always right, then you are going to always go with science but if you know science is evolving, what is currently could adjust with an additional scientist tomorrow and when the improve takes place, that know-how will then modify your perception in that certain principle of science.
Similarly there is a untrue conviction of our possess establish and goal of daily life and his we can achieve it
Thus the sankhya buddhi and yoga buddhi are based on scriptures, logic and on particular encounter. One particular who realize this comprehensive proof understanding, the conviction is company and that person’s life is unique.
This kind of a robust conviction based mostly on scriptures will empower a seeker to know that all are 1.
We all want happiness which is everlasting, peace, contentment and want to be totally free. Such a state is ‘moksha’, freedom from the bondage which can only be attained in human existence by way of Self understanding.